Mapping the religious and ethnic diversity of Vienna between 1971 and 2011
By religion (% of total population)
Distribution of selected group (in thousands)
Vienna had a large Catholic majority until the 1970s. Since then Catholics became a minority-majority while the proportions of the secular group as well as Muslims and other religions (mainly Serbian Orthodox) increased. Religion was no longer surveyed in Austria after 2001, which is why data on population by religion and its residential distribution in 2011 has been estimated by the WIREL project.
In 1971, only one out of twenty-five inhabitants of the city of Vienna did not hold an Austrian passport. The share of Austrian citizens decreased to 78% in 2011. This development was driven by a steady influx of international migrants, first mainly from Former Yugoslavia and Turkey and since the 1990s increasingly also from other and more origins.
Country of birth
International migration is the main driver of population change in Vienna. While the poulation of Vienna was growing by almost 10% between 2001 and 2011, the share of inhabitants born outside of Austria increased from 33% to more than 40% Unfortunately, this indicator was not surveyed before 2001 by the Austrian census and, thus, is only available for 2001 and 2011.
The eight types illustrate different intensities of residential segregation and mixing of host populations (Catholic for religion; Austrian for ethnicity) and particalur minority groups. Darker brown indicates host group concentrations, while lighter brown, green and yellow show different types of mixed neighbourhoods. Light red refers to an overrepresentation of a minority group, while dark red would reveal a concentration.
Version 1.1 (April 2015)
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